The Canon EOS 4000D | Rebel T100 review

The Canon EOS 4000D is the entry point camera for canons DSLR camera range, and they have made it as cheap and as small and as light as they possibly can. That does mean that they have cut a few corners, but they are largely cosmetic, and aren’t really that important. The main workings of the camera are very good and they produce really good video and stills.

The Canon EOS 4000D produces an 18 megapixel image.18 megapixels is a reasonable size, slightly smaller than the next camera up from this, which is the 2000D and produces a 24 megapixel file.

This means the Rebel T100 can produce a 50 megabyte file, which is big enough for pretty much any type of usage. You can use that certainly on websites on your social media, and you can certainly print them in magazines and newspapers.

The sensor, which produces the 18 megapixel file, also produces really good video. It produces Full HD, which is 1080p, and it will produce standard HD, which is 720p. In both cases, the video is very smooth and the color reproduction is very good.

The is a crop frame or APS-C camera. This does have some affect on the images it produces, but it really doesn’t make much difference. And with the file sizes that you have these days, it makes even less difference. There is one advantage that we have with Canon crop frame cameras, which is that you can use the crop frame lenses and full frame lenses on this camera.

The brain of the Rebel T100 is the DIGIC4+ processor. It’s not the most recent processor, but it is a really good reliable workhorse. And it can produce very clean and very crisp images with excellent color reproduction. And it also does a very good video too.

The camera has two autofocus systems, one that runs through the viewfinder, and one that runs through the LCD screen at the back. The one for the viewfinder is very quick and very accurate. And the one that runs through the LCD screen is a bit slower, but also is quite accurate. Both autofocus systems operate with a nine point autofocus system, which means that it has nine autofocus points across the screen in a diamond shape. Now this is useful if you want to decide which part of the image you want to be sharp because you can move the autofocus point from the middle to one of the edge focus points and decide that that point is going to be sharp in the picture. Or if you’re going to be shooting something that moves around in the picture and moves from focus point to focus point, because it allows the camera to keep that subject in focus. The LCD screen on the back is not terribly large – the camera is quite small –  and it’s not terribly high resolution. So whilst you can certainly use it to check your composition, and check your color range, I wouldn’t really recommend that you edit your pictures on this back screen.

The ISO range on the Canon 4000D goes from 100 up to 6400 and then can be extended to 12,800. Now that’s a pretty good range. There is some degradation as you go up through the ISOs. But I would say that you don’t really notice that until about 3200 and the quality up to that point is really very good.

As mentioned,this camera will shoot three frames per second. And in terms of shutter speed, it will go from one 4,000th of a second write down to 30 seconds. That really covers more or less the whole range. Beyond the 30 second range, it will allow you to shoot bulb.

Despite the the Canon 4000D being the cheapest DSLR camera available from Canon, it has an impressive array of features and functions, not least the presets on the mode dial. It has eight presets, ranging from portrait, shooting landscapes sport close up, and also even a food option. It also has the semi automatic mode, which is standard, which are P, Shutter priority and Aperture priority. And then for manual mode. So basically, if you buy this camera, not knowing anything about DSLR photography, you can begin by taking decent pictures with the presets, and as your experience and knowledge grows, you can then move on to the semi automatic modes. And then finally shoot full manual.

Inside the camera, there are a series of very good features and creative filters, which allow you to change some of the styles of the picture that you take. And also to resize your image. And that connected with the Wi Fi compatibility of this camera means that you can take a picture, you can put a filter on it, you can then resize it to make it smaller, and then use the Wi Fi option to send it to your mobile phone and upload direct onto a social media platform. So it’s very handy for that.

Pros and cons of the Canon EOS 4000D

Let’s take a look at the bad points first. First this camera is almost entirely plastic apart from the electronics. And this means that obviously it’s lighter, and it’s cheaper, which could be seen as a good point. But also it suggests that this camera may not be quite as robust as other cameras that can produce. But provided you don’t swing it around your head and bounce it off the floor, this camera will be fine for everyday use. I’ve had my EOS 4000D for a year, I’ve taken it on two or three holidays. I’ve used it regularly on a day to day basis, and it’s in perfect condition.

Secondly, there is no remote shutter cable socket on the side. A shutter release cable is very useful if you’re going to be shooting long shutter speed photography. So if you’re going to be doing nighttime photography, or if you’re going to be doing Astro photography, when your shutter speed might be a minute, two minutes, 10 minutes, all of this is possible. The camera as I’ve mentioned before, will give you automatic shutter speeds of one 4,000th of a second down to 30 seconds. But beyond that when you’re shooting bulb, you don’t have the same amount of control if you can’t use it with a remote shutter cable.

Thirdly, and perhaps the thing that you may have heard or read about this camera already because it did cause something of a brouhaha when the camera came out. This camera is designed to work with canon EX flash guns and not third party flash guns.

Canon EOS 4000D DSLR camera flashAlso, there’s no on off switch, it turns on via the mode dial. That’s not a huge issue, I don’t think and once you’re used to that it’s fairly straightforward. The other thing is that the the pop up flash doesn’t automatically pop up when you’re in one of the preset modes. However, it’s a fairly simple operation to put the flash up and back down again. So I don’t think that’s a big issue either.

What are the good points about this camera?

The most obvious one is its price. This is a remarkably competitively priced camera. It’s a full Canon camera, which means that all the accessories you buy for this camera are transferable to other DSLR camera bodies as you might choose to upgrade and increase your skills. It has a superb sensor which will give you fantastically clear Sharp, good color reproduction images of a very good size from website, social media right up to print publication quality, the processor is also very good, and will process your images very well with good color reproduction, and also process your videos, which it will also shoot to professional quality standard. So everything you need from a camera is in the Canon EOS 4000D or Rebel T100. And I would argue also, that by cutting some of the corners and removing some of the extraneous features which you get with some of the higher range DSLR Canon cameras, it’s doing your favor.

For information about our Superb Canon EOS 4000D manual, click here.


The Nikon D4

The Nikon D4 Straddles the Stills/Video Divide

The D4 is an Ideal Camera for the Professional Photographer and Videographer

The Canon 5D markII set the standard for the professional photo/video camera. It is no surprise that Nikon’s response has upped the ante in both departments. However, instead of revolution, Nikon have chosen to improve incrimentally in many areas – the main changes in the stills department have been aimed at making the camera quicker and easier to use. A 16 mega-pixel file size is modest at this level, though 10 Frames per Second is useful, particularly with Autofocus.

The improved sensor on the Nikon D4 gives the better metering and Subject Tracking and extends face detection for the optical viewfinder. Extending the ISO range from 50 -204,800 is impressive, but surely would only appeal to specific niche – perhaps ill-lit night time sports or nature photography. The Kevlar/carbon fiber-composite shutter unit boasts a standard life cycle rating of 400,000 releases. There are some ergonomic improvements, making the camera easier to handle and the buttons easier to manage. The Nikon Wi-Fi transmitter allows you to see the Live View on an iPad, which can also control shooting mode and trigger the shutter, which might also be useful for the nature photographer.

The Nikon D4 is aimed at professional photographers and videographers who want the combination of top quality video and extensive lens flexibility. It will also appeal to specialist amateurs who shoot in very low-light and want to shoot remotely.

Of course, the main big change is in the video department. Nikon have seriously upgraded their video output to full HD (1080p), full native HD (1920 x 1080p) and even allows you to feed full, uncompressed video into external viewing devices. In other words, it offers full broadcast quality video and stereo sound. An Out Mic lets you set the sound levels before shooting.


Canon 1300D video settings

The Canon 1300D/Rebel T6 DSLR is a great camera for shooting stills and also movies. However, it is always a good idea to get the Canon 1300D video settings right from the start.

The Canon 1300D has a specific option for movies and in order to make any changes in the 1300D to shoot movies you need to go to the Video Mode, which is on the Mode Dial. Turn the Mode Dial round to the very bottom option which shows a video camera, and you will hear the mirror inside the camera pop up. This allows you to see your subjects through the backscreen and this is the only way you can shoot video on this camera.

The menu tab options are different when you are in video mode. You have fewer choices, but they are dedicated to shooting video. The first thing that you should decide on is your video system. This may seem a bit irrelevant – it was developed when Television systems were very different and if you wanted to show your videos on a TV screen you had to marry the cameras settings to the TV. There are two systems, one is PAL and the other is NTSC. NTSC operates in the United States and PAL tends to be the system which is operated in Europe and other parts of the world. Whilst there is not much difference, it does change the way that the camera operates very slightly. For example, when you start to look at the frame rates you will see that under NTSC you get a frame rate option of 60 frames per second or 30 frames per second. When you are in PAL you get the option of 50 frames a second and 25 frames per second. Most people these days don’t shoot on DSLR in order to show their videos on televisions. They tend to use it for social media or showing on a laptop. In which case it doesn’t make really any difference. However, also be aware that these frame rate speeds can affect the way a video looks under artificial lighting, or if you have a tv screen or monitor in the shot. That is because lights flicker and TVs work at the same NTSC rates in the USA and PAL rates in Europe. So it is worth getting right, otherwise you might find a strange flickering in your video, or the TV screen will have a black band dropping down the screen, because the camera and lights are out of synchronisation. Annoyingly, you won’t see this until you are editing afterwards. In order to change Video Mode you need to go into the menus and you go to Tab 2 and down at the bottom you have the option to change Video System.

The second options you need to think about in the Canon 1300D video settings is file size and frame rate. Although they are two choices, they are combined for you in the Canon 1300D video settings. These options are important because they will decide the quality of the movies that you produce. The canon 1300D is pretty good – it will shoot 1080p which is full HD and it will also shoot 720p which is standard HD – both these sizes are absolutely fine for YouTube or Vimeo. In order to make those selections go into Video Tab 2 and find Movie Recording Size. Press on that option and we are offered four choices. Depending on whether you’ve chosen NTSC or PAL, you maximum rates will be either 60fps or 50fps.

The next option you need to consider in the Canon 1300D video settings is exposure. When you are shooting photographs with the Canon 1300D you have many options. They are all on the Mode Dial and they go from entirely manual to semi-automatic and then to entirely automatic options. In most of these Modes the Canon 1300D is trying to get the best exposure for the stills that you are shooting, within the parameters of light etc. With shooting movies you have two options – you can either shoot Automatic or you can shoot Manual. With Automatic in the movie setting the Canon 1300D will try to get the best exposure for you and it usually works very well, so I would suggest that initially at least you shoot in Automatic until you become more confident.

When you progress to Manual, changing the various parameters in the Canon 1300D video settings can seem quite complicated. They are certainly different than the option for shooting photographs. Movie Exposure is in Video Tab 1 and you get the two choices, Auto or Manual. If you choose to go into Manual then you have much more control over the settings. You will be able to change the Shutter Speed, the Aperture and the ISO. For the Shutter Speed, rotate Main Dial on the Canon 1300D. By depressing the AV button and rotating that Main Dial at the same time you can change the Aperture. The ISO is changed by pressing the flash button and rotating the Main Dial.

The fourth option you need to consider in the Canon 1300D video settings is sound. Sadly, the Canon 1300D does not have an external microphone socket. It just has an internal microphone which works reasonably well, but can be a bit limited. In Shooting Tab 2, the second one down is Sound Recording and you can set that to one of three options. You can have either Auto, Manual or Disabled. I don’t think you should disable it entirely because sometimes it is useful to have sound, even if you don’t intend to use it in the final cut. It is helpful for editing. Auto is quite good and it will try to pick up as much sound as possible. Of course, you may not want the ambient sound, you might be trying to capture something specific. Manual is OK provided you are quite close to the sound source. On the backscreen you will see a decibel bar going across the bottom and you should try to get the sound peaking at about 12.

The next couple of options in the Canon 1300D video settings that need to be checked are in Video Tab 3 and it may seem that they are less important than other choices. However, you should take a look at them because they do affect the way that your video looks. Go to the bottom of Video Tab 3 to the Picture Style option. These options can really affect the way your movies look. They are the same options that you get with photographs and you can choose to have Vivid or Sepia or many other options and some of them are set so that they bring out the best qualities for portrait and landscape. With video it tends to be better to try and shoot video as flat as possible and so the best option to start with is neutral and so you should always set that to neutral for video until you make the decision that you want to change the Picture Style and shoot something differently. The one just above that in Video Tab 3 is Custom White Balance. It’s very important for shooting videos because if you start moving around and shooting things in different light then the one stable element – the one constant – will be the white balance.

To see more about the Canon 1300D/T6 Click here.